Special Power of Attorney to File a Case in the UAE

In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), the legal system requires individuals to have legal representation to file a case. However, there are instances where a person may be unable to appear in court or handle legal proceedings personally. A Special Power of Attorney (SPA) becomes crucial in such cases. This article will provide a comprehensive understanding of the Special Power of Attorney to file a case in the UAE, outlining its purpose, process, and key considerations.

Understanding the Special Power of Attorney (SPA)

A Special Power of Attorney is a legal document that authorizes a person, known as the attorney or agent, to act on behalf of another individual, known as the principal or grantor. When filing a case in the UAE, the SPA grants the attorney the authority to initiate legal proceedings and represent the principal’s interests.

Purpose of the Special Power of Attorney

The primary purpose of the Special Power of Attorney is to enable individuals who cannot physically be present or handle legal matters themselves to appoint a trusted representative to act on their behalf. It is particularly useful for non-resident individuals or those facing physical limitations.

Process of Executing a Special Power of Attorney:

To execute a Special Power of Attorney to file a case in the UAE, the following steps are typically involved:

  1. Drafting the SPA: The SPA must be drafted in compliance with the UAE’s legal requirements. It should clearly state the intentions, powers granted, and limitations, if any, of the attorney.
  2. Notarization and Translation: The SPA must be notarized by a notary public in the UAE to make it legally valid. If the principal or attorney does not understand Arabic, a certified translation of the document into their language is required.
  3. Appointing an Attorney: The principal must identify and appoint a trustworthy attorney who will act in their best interests. It is advisable to consult with a legal professional to ensure the attorney has the necessary expertise.
  4. Granting Specific Authority: The SPA should specify the purpose of filing the case, the courts where it can be filed, and any limitations on the attorney’s authority.
  5. Witness Signatures: The SPA may require the presence of one or more witnesses who are not related to the principal or attorney. Their signatures serve as proof of the principal’s intention to grant the powers.
  6. Registration: Depending on the circumstances and requirements of the case, the SPA may need to be registered with the relevant judicial authorities or court.
  7. Key Considerations for a Special Power of Attorney:

When executing a Special Power of Attorney to file a case in the UAE, it is crucial to consider the following factors:

  1. Trust and Reliability: The principal should select an attorney they trust implicitly and who possesses the necessary expertise and experience in the specific area of law relevant to the case. A strong attorney-client relationship is essential.
  2. Clarity and Specificity: The SPA should leave no room for ambiguity. It should clearly define the powers granted to the attorney, including the scope of authority and any limitations. Specific details regarding the case should be explicitly outlined.
  3. Validity Period: The SPA can be either time-limited or valid until the case is resolved. The duration of the SPA should be established based on the requirements of the case, ensuring it remains in effect for the necessary duration.
  4. Revocation of the SPA: The principal retains the right to revoke the SPA at any time by providing written notice to the attorney. Proper documentation should be maintained to demonstrate the termination of the SPA, if necessary.
  5. Legal Advice: Seeking legal advice from a qualified drafting lawyer or legal consultant is highly recommended to ensure compliance with UAE laws and regulations. They can provide valuable guidance throughout the process, ensuring the SPA is executed accurately and effectively.


In the UAE, the Special Power of Attorney plays a vital role in enabling individuals to file cases when they are unable to appear or manage legal proceedings personally. By appointing a trusted attorney, individuals can ensure their interests are well-represented. Understanding the purpose, process, and considerations associated with the Special Power of Attorney is crucial to effectively navigating the UAE legal system.

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